WHAT IS IT ?

Acne is a common skin condition that happens when hair follicles under the skin become clogged.

CAUSES?

Some medications that contain androgen and lithium.

  • Greasy cosmetics.
  • Hormonal changes.
  • Emotional stress.
  • Menstruation.

TREATMENT:

Light therapy:
A variety of light-based therapies have been tried with some success. Most will require multiple visits to your doctor’s office. Further study is needed to determine the ideal method, light source and dose.
Chemical peel:
This procedure uses repeated applications of a chemical solution, such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid or retinoic acid. This treatment is for mild acne. It might improve the appearance of the skin, though the change is not long lasting and repeat treatments are usually needed.
Drainage and extraction:
Your doctor may use special tools to gently remove whiteheads and blackheads (comedos) or cysts that haven’t cleared up with topical medications. This technique temporarily improves the appearance of your skin, but it might also cause scarring.
Steroid injection:
Nodular and cystic lesions can be treated by injecting a steroid drug into them. This therapy has resulted in rapid improvement and decreased pain. Side effects may include skin thinning and discoloration in the treated area.
Topical Medications:

  • Retinoids and retinoid-like drugs.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Azelaic acid and salicylic acid.
  • Dapsone.