Teeth Whitening

What is Teeth Whitening

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Teeth Whitening is also often referred to as Bleaching – it is a process used to brighten your own natural teeth without causing any complications. There will be no cutting or etching of your dental enamel. Tea, coffee, red wine, tobacco usage and the natural aging of the teeth turn them darker or stain them over time. A professional brightening is performed with the aid of active Oxygen which decolorize – -that is the distracting colour pigments present in the tooth. After bleaching the gums are covered with a special rubber compound this is done in order to protect them from the bleaching agent.

When do you need Teeth Whitening

Teeth whitening is often needed in cases of heavy consumption of discoloring substances such as alcohol, nicotine, red juices, tea, coffee, Cola, red wine, mustard or ketchup as well as poor oral hygiene. Our teeth are coated with enamel, the hardest substance in the human body. Enamel is almost entirely made up of a mineral called Hydroxyapatite, which is a network of calcium and phosphate ions bundled into tough crystalline rods to give bones and teeth the necessary rigidity. But in between those rods, there’s plenty of space for food, coffee, wine, all those big staining substances to set up shop. Regular brushing and flossing will take care of a lot of these foreign substances on your teeth. But once those stains settle in all cozy in the enamel, you’re going to need something stronger to dislodge them, that’s when you need teeth whitening. Teeth whitening is also often used as a part of smile correction or design, which is a much larger treatment.

What are the Different Types of Teeth Whitening

There are two ways of carrying out teeth whitening, the first option is the tray based night white ACP or day white. ACP gel is placed in a custom-made night guard which is placed for one hour to overnight for 7 to 14 days. Second option is surgery based otherwise known as light activated or power bleaching – this uses a combination of a hydrogen peroxide gel and especially designed allowed to accelerate the process.

Understanding the Teeth Whitening Procedure

The bleaching solution is prepared by mixing two phases which are then applied to the teeth before the bleaching process. The dentists perform a check for the teeth and fillings and if necessary a replacement of the fillings or a professional cleaning after the appropriate exposure time might be required. The bleaching solution is removed and the teeth are rinsed with water, at this time the gum protection is removed as well. Professional tooth bleaching may be performed safely every two years there is no doubt they will become brighter and how much lighter depends on your teeth base color. Depending on the degree of discoloration a brightening of about 1 to 14 degrees is possible the result usually lasts for 1 to 3 years or longer depending on your own good dental care as well as regular professional oral hygiene.

Hydrogen Peroxide Teeth Whitening

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Hydrogen peroxide is a common agent for teeth whitening. It has the strength to bleach the teeth and can remain without being diluted by saliva. It helps remove surface stains and deep discoloration in our teeth. In fact many bleaching solution generally contains hydrogen peroxide which bleaches the tooth enamel to change it colour. A recent addition to the field is new light-accelerated bleaching agent containing lower concentration of hydrogen peroxide with a titanium oxide nano-particle based catalyst. Reduced concentration of hydrogen peroxide cause lower incidences of tooth hypersensitivity. The nano-particles act as photocatalysts and their size prevent them from diffusing deeply into the tooth. When exposed to light, the catalysts produce a rapid, localized breakdown of Hydrogen Peroxide into highly reactive radicals. Due to the extremely short lifetimes of the free radicals they are able to produce bleaching effects similar to much higher concentration bleaching agents within the outer layer of teeth where the nano particle catalysts are located. This provides effective tooth whitening while reducing the required concentration of Hydrogen Peroxide and other reactive byproducts at the tooth pulp.

Laser Teeth Whitening

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Laser teeth whitening, which is often called power whitening is the most common way to solve the problem of dis-coloured teeth . Laser boosts the penetration of the bleaching agent into the teeth enamel effectively removing stains caused by coffee, nicotine and food products that have been regularly consumed. The whole procedure takes just about an hour and produces shade lightening of up to 10 times the initial shade and the two most commonly used laser whitening systems are zoom bright smile and sapphire zoom. The pH level of the system is between 7.5 and 8.5, the specific laser used to activate this bleaching system is Mercury metal halide that ranges from 350 to 400 nanometers uses its bright smile procedural gel for its laser bleaching system. This gel consists of fifteen percent hydrogen peroxide with a ph level of 6.5, an accelerator is added on the second and third treatment. To improve the whitening effect of the system it uses a gas plasma based laser or light emitting diode that have wavelengths ranging from 400 to 500 nanometer. This whitening system combines the use of their sapphire whitening gel with their signature laser sapphire plasma arc light. The gel is specially formulated to allow absorption of light in the blue end of the light spectrum once the gel gets activated by the laser it breaks down into reactive components that target the stain causing colored compounds on both gel and the colored stain compounds get activated and react with each other. Laser as optional include ultradent opalescence extra boost lightening gel which whiten the teeth more faster.

Zoom Teeth Whitening

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Zoom whitening is an in-office bleaching process that is widely known for its ability to quickly brighten the dis-coloured teeth .It has advanced power and the fastest effective whitening system ever. Zoom advanced power is a complete system that gives immediate results and ensures lasting effects long after the whitening treatment. The power lamp was specifically engineered to activate zooms advanced formula whitening gel for superior whitening. It has the special light that penetrates the teeth to break up stains. Once the lip and gums are safely covered, the dentist will apply the patented zoom hydrogen peroxide whitening gel. The complete procedure takes one hour , the preliminary evaluation and teeth cleaning is recommended prior to the treatment.

Teeth Whitening Cost

Teeth whitening cost varies on the kind of treatment we go through. The biggest factor in teeth whitening cost comes down to where you want your teeth whitening done. The procedures are so much more affordable in an area where standard of living is lower. The safest and most effective way to whiten your teeth is to visit a clinic. On an average the teeth whitening cost from INR 15000 but may vary greatly depending on the dentist. The price include post treatment application in the form of take-home trays and continued teeth whitening treatments with an at-home whitener. There are whole range of home teeth whitening products like whitening toothpaste, whitening strips or over the counter bleaching trays, however a dentist can provide more advanced techniques to whiten up your teeth. It cost more but totally worth it. Professional dentists can use stronger bleaching agents or even laser teeth whitening to produce faster results and whiter teeth.

Teeth Whitening at Home Vs. Professional Teeth Whitening

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Practically everyone is looking to whiten their teeth these days. And most of them are looking for ways to use homemade, do-it-yourself (DIY) solutions that allow them to avoid paying for sometimes expensive services. The DIY teeth whitening solutions people follow are often recipes they found on the Internet to try to whiten their teeth. Unfortunately, it damage the teeth.

The information about DIY whiteners comes from a relatively young dental researcher at the University of Iowa (UI) who has focused work on teeth whitening, the effectiveness of DIY whiteners and their impact on teeth in a number of experiments. The particular formula was a combination of strawberries and baking soda. Using powdered turmeric and activated charcoal is another very popular, at home alternative teeth whitening strategy, commonly recommended online. In addition to the DIY home whitening, over-the-counter strips, a take-home whitener from the dentist, were all tested. Results showed that the DIY whitening method didn’t actually whiten teeth at all, although all the other whiteners did lead to significant whitening. It softened the tooth enamel and may increase tooth erosion.

If you are looking for safe, effective, without causing any damage to teeth and gums, teeth whitening then, it’s important to talk to a dentist. At-home methods like this one are often ineffective or damaging. It is always better to go for conventional teeth whitening (bleaching) from a professional dentist or cosmetic dentistry specialist.

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Eyebrows have been known to be an importance aspect of facial aesthetics and eyebrow restoration is now a part of anti-ageing procedures too. Microblading is a new technique in the field of permanent cosmetics for eyebrow restoration. Currently, it is one of the most sort after treatment in aesthetic procedures due to the curiosity and awareness raised by social media.

Microblading is a form of superficial micropigmentation, wherein pigment is deposited till the papillary dermis, with the help of a manual device and a blade consisting of stacked needles. The resultant crisp, discrete hair like incisions simulate the eyebrow hair to give a natural look. The results are semi-permanent and last only 12-18 months. In the recent years, with the advancement in the instrumentation of microblading there have been several modifications in this procedure.


Microblading has now found its applications not only in cosmetic treatments but also in dermatological conditions such as alopecia totalis, hypothyroidism, chemotherapy induced madarosis etc. It is a vital tool in any dermatology or cosmetic practise for its extensive applications. But with the rise in popularity of microblading, there is also a rise of untrained professionals performing it leading to a rise in its side-effects. This article aims at not only guiding on the instrumentation and procedure of microblading but also its pre and post procedure care, interaction with other aesthetic procedures and treating its complications.

Anatomy of Eyebrows

Anatomy of eyebrows change with age and knowledge of these structures and anatomical markers are vital for microblading.

They can be divided into 4 parts: head, body, arch, and tail

Eyebrow shapes

There are different face structures as per age, sex, and racial differences. An eyebrow is drawn considering the natural face and bone structure, hence each of these unique face structures has a particular eyebrow shape that suits them the best. It can be high arched, low arched, S-shaped, rounded, straight, etc.,

Facial Morphology and Eyebrow Mapping

Eyebrows and Lips are two of the structures on a human face that should always be symmetrical, hence whenever we consider drawing eyebrows meticulous measurements have to be taken. Shaping of the eyebrows depends on the natural growth of the hair, facial symmetry, and mapping of the brow position based on anatomical landmarks.


There 4 anatomical lines for drawing the eyebrows

Few other points to consider while drawing the eyebrows are

Extra hair needs to be shaved or removed before starting microblading. Patients may also be asked to use an eyebrow pencil before coming since they are well aware of how they want their eyebrows to look, most of the time. If the subject has no existing eyebrow such as in cases of alopecia totalis then the medial pad of fat on the orbital ridge can be taken as the starting point on the medial side. In subjects with a wider nose, the medial nasal alae are considered for measurements and in subjects with a narrow nose, the lateral nasal alae are considered for measurements. Once the eyebrow is drawn, the thickness of the eyebrow should be rechecked with a Vernier caliper all along the eyebrow length. It should not exceed 7 mm, as the normal thickness of an eyebrow varies from 4 to 7 mm only.


Designing the arch of the eyebrows

This is the highest point of the eyebrows and the most characteristic feature in a female brow. A high arch should be given in more rounded faces or faces with a bigger forehead. A flatter arch looks more desirable on an oval or long face. Higher arches make the face look sharper and does not suit everyone. Hence have a detailed discussion on this during the pre-procedure consultation to explain the eyebrow and arch shape and how it will influence the look.


Instrumentation in Microblading

Scales for measurement –There are multiple scales available for eyebrow assessment, most commonly used one is the: Golden Mean Brow Caliper. Although the author prefers using a combination of Vernier caliper and a T shaped eyebrow scale. Scales that can be taped to the forehead are also available [Figure 4].

Microblading pen- This is a specialized manual instrument that holds the microblading needle. It consists of 3 parts, the immobile handle, the rotating adjuster, and the grooved blade holder. This third part is a cross-shaped grove on the tip, which opens up to accommodate the needle when turned anti-clockwise and after fitting the needle can be tightened by screwing it in the clockwise direction [Figure 5]. Pre-fitted microblading pen is also available which are single-use and disposable. There is a choice of lightweight, ergonomic, heavy/chunky, and double-ended pens in various shapes and configurations, depending on the needle one is using.

Blades- There are many variants available in microblading blades. Microblading blades consist of multiple needles arranged in a row. They can be classified as flexible, hard, or combination, depending on how they are bound. Flexi needles are more forgiving and bound by a flexible polymer and good for beginners. The hard blades should be used only if you are confident of your strokes and depth. Blades are available in different numbers such as 7, 9, 12…21, depending on the number of needles in the blade. The thickness of each needle is the same varying from 0.4 to 0.16 mm. The thinner the needles the finer and crisp the strokes. Needles can be angled or U-shaped. Most recently there are single and double row needles. The double row needles help in giving more parallel strokes.

Science behind the multiple needle blade- As we dip the blade in the ink, with capillary action, the needles can pull up the ink and get coated with it. The more the needles, the more amount of ink is taken up by that blade. The longest needle is always placed at the point we want the hair root to start, hence maximum ink gets deposited there and it creates an illusion of hair. For longer strokes we need bigger blades with more needles.

Ink holder- This is a plastic or metal ring container, used to carry the microblading ink that is needed for quick access to ink during procedure and maintain the sterilization by not dipping the microblading pen repeatedly into the inkpot.

Microblading Pigments

There are 2 main types of medical tattooing inks, one made of iron oxide and the other is synthetic. Microblading pigments are synthetic in nature. Unlike tattoo ink which is made of iron oxide and is dispersible, these are non-dispersible and hence difficult to retain. This property of the pigment is the reason behind the ink being difficult to retain unless the technique is correct. Most of the professionally available microblading inks are non-magnetic and organic in nature. They do not contain any heavy metals. Microblading pigment shade selection is usually done as per the color tone however nowadays composite inks are available that are pre-mixed shades for particular skin tones. Indian population generally falls in the neutral to warm skin tone.


Colour changes with sun exposure: All inks react and change color with repeated sun exposure. Iron-oxide based inks usually turn to a reddish tinge while synthetic inks, usually turn to a blackish greyish tinge.


Pre-procedure consultation

Before starting any procedure of microblading it is important to consult the patient and explain the entire procedure and its consequences. Even though microblading is regarded as a semi-permanent procedure, few of its strokes do last permanently, hence pre-planning is very important. Understand what the patient/client is expecting from the treatment and what is their desired eyebrow shape or change. It is important to take a detailed history of sun exposure, oily skin, sweating, laser or IPL sittings that are on, keloid tendency, history of herpes labialis, history of use of retinol creams or vit-C or any exfoliant creams, history of being on isotretinoin therapy, history of chemical peeling, etc. Consent for slight color changes and touch up at 2–3 weeks should be explained during the pre-procedure consult. It is important to make the subject aware of the post-procedure sequel and care beforehand to avoid panic.


This also includes a pre-procedure analysis on the skin laxity and thickness of skin which helps decide the type of blade, number of pins, and hardness of the blade. Next, the evaluation of the Fitzpatrick skin type and skin color tone is done by assessing color of vein, hair, and eyes. This helps in the selection of the right pigment.



Most of the cases done by the author are under topical anesthesia cream only (lignocaine 2.5% and prilocaine 2.5%). Rarely injectable anesthesia is needed since the microblading blade does not pierce deeper that the papillary dermis. If incase injectable anesthesia needs to be given, it should be given with adrenaline and in very less quantity so that there is no swelling, to hamper the shape of the eyebrow, and post-procedure symmetry.



Under aseptic precautions, the eyebrows and surrounding area is cleaned and prepared for the procedure. All the instrumentation should be ready. The needle is fitted at an angle of ~ 155 degrees into the microblading pen so that at keeping the pen in upright position all needles are entering into the skin at the same time at 90 degrees.


  • Stretch: Skin is stretched in 3 opposing directions to give the maximum stretch. The non-dominant hand gives the stretch in 2 of the directions and the ring finger or little finger of the dominant hand gives the stretch in the third direction
  • The pigment is then taken in the ink holder, and the pen is dipped in it to take the right amount of ink. Excess is wiped out on the walls.
  • Start with your dominant side always. Right-handed person should start with the right eyebrow first.
  • Main head strokes are taken and a pen is dipped in pigment after every stroke
  • DEPTH- The ideal dept is papillary dermis and can be determined by 3 features; grating sound when the stroke is made, pinpoint bleeding, and lymph exuding within a few seconds of making the strokes.


Microblading strokes

There are many different types of strokes, which can be individualized. Strokes at the head end are different from the strokes at the tail end. Mastering the direction of the strokes needs practice, which can be done initially of paper and later on artificial skin sheets. Direction of the strokes at the head end is more vertical while as we progress towards the tail end it turns into more of a cross-hatching pattern. The author prefers to classify the strokes as main strokes and supporting strokes. Main strokes-start from the base and run along the entire thickness of eyebrow hence are longer. Supporting strokes start midway and merge into main strokes. They are shorter in length and can be used to fill in gaps between main strokes too. All strokes are placed at an angle of 45 degrees from their emerging point, to give an illusion of a hair follicle. Strokes should never be drawn parallel to each other instead feathering or cross-hatching is done with the main strokes and supporting strokes to give a natural look. But care should be taken to not intersect the strokes as this will lead to blotching of pigment.

Post Procedure | Immediate care

On finishing the microblading, pigment is smudged on the entire eyebrow and kept for 5 mins. This helps in retaining pigment evenly since few areas lose pigment due to the pinpoint bleeding.

Pigment is then wiped with normal saline only and an antibiotic ointment is applied on both the eyebrows.


Post-operative care

For the first 48 h, avoid touching the eyebrows, heavy workout, or contact with water. Only pat dry the face for cleaning. For the next one week, the patient should be informed that scabbing and itching is normal and picking or peeling off scabs can lead to infections. Do not use an exfoliant, antiaging creams, astringents. Make-up should be strictly avoided. Face can be washed with water but no soap or face wash should be used for the first 1 week. Facewash can be started after 1 week only. Any swimming, steam, or sauna can be started after 2 weeks only. Waxing or threading of eyebrows should not be done for 6 weeks post-treatment.


Avoid excessive sun exposure, stay protected by using sunglasses, and use sunscreen on other areas since it can lead to faster degradation of pigment.


Touch up

A touch up is a must in every microblading case as few areas lose color with the scabs over 2–3 weeks. A touch up can be done during this time, in which the same procedure is repeated in the blank areas. Strokes that have retained should not be redone, only the blank spaces should be filled again.

Complications of microblading: Microblading results in very few complications if done by trained and experienced professionals. The most common complications are related to the pigments and can be tackled with proper knowledge and experience in skin undertones.

Removal of microblading pigment

In the current scenario, with the rise of untrained professionals, dermatologists have been getting demands of removing the microbladed pigment. This can be tried with a conservative approach of application of exfoliant creams on a daily basis or with an aggressive approach with a laser. Pigment can be lightened by Q-switch NdYag laser on a very low fluence with a spot size of 3–4 mm. However, this needs expertise as it can lead to scarring and post-inflammatory hypo or hyperpigmentation. If the patient has natural hair present in between the microbladed strokes, the natural hair follicles may get depigmented or permanently damaged by the laser.


Unnatural color changes in microblading can be corrected via a color correction and may not need complete removal. Knowledge of the color theory and undertones is important for this aspect.


Microblading in Cosmetology

Although not many cosmetologist or dermatologist are performing microblading, there are multiple reasons why a cosmetologist or dermatologist should be well aware about this procedure. With the rise in popularity of microblading, so is there a rise of untrained professions performing it and a rise in its side-effects. It is important to know the interactions between dermatological procedures and the pigment to avoid unfavorable outcomes.


How to prevent fading of the pigment in the dermatological procedure:

  1. Apply petroleum jelly on microbladed eyebrows prior to the use of any chemical peels, exfoliant serums, scrubs, hydroquinone, or retinol.
  2. Advice to avoid UV exposure and use a minimum of 30 SPF sunscreen always.
  3. Avoid heat such as steam from a facial or sauna
  4. Avoid LED light exposure or radiofrequency (part of few spa facial therapies)
  5. Resurfacing lasers and IPLs will also fade the pigment even if done at a distance from the pigment. (A zinc oxide paste can be applied to the eyebrows to act as an occlusion).


Recent advances and variations in microblading

Nano-blading: when microblading is done with needles as this as 0.18 diameter in the blades, to give finer and crisp strokes.

3D or 6D brows: microblading with strokes that mimic the natural flow of hair to the utmost detail with varying depth on the strokes.

Ombre brows or micro-shading: When micropigmentation is used to create fine dots that give the appearance of powdered eyebrows and not hair strokes. This pigment lasts longer compared to microblading as it is motorized and not manual.


Combination or hybrid brows: The head end of the brows is done manually and the tail end is done with a motorized device similar to ombre brows. Both techniques are merged together in the center.



Microblading is a fairly recent procedure, indicated in madarosis due to age, alopecia areata, hypothyroidism, and other conditions. It acts as a bridge between tattooing and surgical restoration of the brow. A microblading setup is easy, but the procedure requires technical skill and a lot of practice, but once mastered, is a vital in an aesthetic dermatology clinic.


Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Semi-Permanent Makeup

Semi-Permanent Makeup

What does semi-permanent makeup mean?

“Semi-permanent makeup implants pigment into the superficial layer of the skin, and the process mainly uses manual application.” Because the ink is applied by hand, the length of time that semi-permanent makeup lasts depends on how heavy- or light-handed your technician was in the pigment application

How long does permanent makeup last?

Semi-permanent tattoos and microblading generally last from 12 to 24 months, although depending on the individual it can last longer.

Is semi-permanent makeup painful?

Use a highly skilled practitioner
Before the application, experienced practitioners numb the area and do not proceed until you feel comfortable. After the treatment, some clients feel a little discomfort and take a low dosage, common painkiller, which will do the job well for most people, and eliminate the pain.

What is the difference between semi permanent makeup and Microblading?

What is the difference between semi permanent eyebrows and microblading? The main difference between “semi permanent eyebrows” and “microblading” is the method of application. Semi permanent makeup uses the machine method and microblading uses a handheld device.

What are the benefits of semi-permanent makeup?

10 Great Benefits of Semi-Permanent Make-up:
Semi-permanent treatments help to frame your face and often take years off!
Gives a more confident look.
Stays on all day and all night.
Saves you time in the morning for make-up application and at night there is less removal.
Usually lasts between 2-3 years.

Who can benefit from permanent makeup?

If you are very active, if you have lost hair or lip color due to aging, medical issues or are sensitive to traditional makeup, permanent makeup is a great option.

Is semi-permanent makeup safe?

Semi-permanent makeup is a safe tried and tested procedure carried out by a professional. Permanent makeup is pain free too.

Who should avoid permanent makeup?

Ineligible without Exception
Individuals under 18 years of age. …
Women who are pregnant or nursing. …
Epilepsy. …
Individuals with Pacemaker or major heart problems. …
Individuals with viral infections and/or diseases. …
Individuals with Lupus. …
Individuals who have undergone Organ Transplant.


Dr. Aesthetix International Cosmetic Clinic
No.G-17, Ground Floor, Gems Court,
14, Khader Nawaz Khan Road,
Nungambakkam, Chennai – 600006
Mobile : 095144 95222
Email : draesthetixx@gmail.com

How to maintain your skin regularly?

Dr Aesthetix International Cosmetic Clinic’s SkinCare Guide (01-07-2021)



A radiant, blemish-free look begins with the right regimen. Here, your essential, expert-approved daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly plan.


Female  Skin Care


This is the year you finally make a commitment to be good to the most important person in your life: you. And more specifically, your skin. You’ve heard all the facts, but bad habits (like going to bed with your makeup on and running out the door without sunscreen) are still hard to break. By replacing them with new positive habits—daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly—you can can make a huge difference in your complexion. With the help of top skincare pros, we’ve created the easiest, most effective plan for your most radiant skin ever.




  1. Develop a regimen. Wash your face twice daily: once in the morning, and once at night. There’s a reason for this, says cosmetologist Dr. Hema Malini Rajinikant, Dr Aesthetix International Cosmetic Clinic, Nungambakkam, Chennai. In the morning, you’re prepping your skin to receive topical products like antioxidants, moisturizers, and sunscreens. In the evening, you’re washing away all the impurities that built up through the day, like dirt and environmental toxins.


This means cleaning off your makeup every night. No exceptions! Makeup not only clogs your pores, but also traps dirt and pollution on your skin, blocking it from essential repair while you sleep, says plastic surgeon Dr Rajinikanth, FIA Academy.


When your face is clean, apply a hyaluronic acid-based moisturizer. You’ll wake up looking even more refreshed than you feel.


  1. Turn down the heat. There’s temptation in the colder months to soak under a hot stream every chance you get, but according to Dr Aesthetix International Cosmetic Clinic, your skin will be healthier and less dry when you keep the water temperature warm rather than hot. In addition, limiting the length of your shower and patting the moisture from your skin with a soft towel instead of rubbing it.


  1. In addition to using moisturizer on your face, pay special attention to your eyes, which have the thinnest skin on your body. Treat the area with an eye cream that contains growth factors, retinols, and Vitamin C to boost collagen production and skin thickness. Other vulnerable areas include the neck, decolletage, hands, and arms, which all show signs of sun damage and age before other parts of the body. The best time to apply moisturizer is right after your shower when your skin is most primed to absorb it. A body oil will lock in moisture all over without leaving you greasy.


  1. Always wear sunscreen. If you only follow one piece of advice, apply sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher every day, whether or not the sun is shining. Sunscreens not only protect against skin cancer, but also decrease the development of wrinkles, keep pigment even and help your skin barrier stay healthy. Look for a broad-spectrum formula — that means UVA and UVB blockers — that has a physical ingredient such as zinc oxide or titanium dioxide.


  1. Give your body what it needs. You know the drill. Drink water, get plenty of sleep (ideally eight hours) and eat clean to avoid breakouts.



  1. Exfoliate with an at-home peel. You’re probably already using an exfoliating cleanser two-to-three times per week to slough away dead skin cells, but to take your skin to the next level, gentle exfoliation with a mixed beta-and-alpha hydroxy acid peel, which removes dead skin cells to reveal the taut, glowing skin underneath.


  1. Unwind under a soothing sheet mask. Nourish your skin with a soothing sheet mask to improve tone and encourage collagen production. Pick a day each week to unwind for the 10 to 15 minutes it takes for the mask to work its magic. Not only will you be infusing your face with skin-healthy ingredients, but taking a break from your busy life will reward you with a decrease in blemishes. Studies show that lowering stress leads to clearer skin.


You can take it one step further by tailoring the mask to your skin type. For acne-prone or oily skin, ingredients like sulfur or charcoal, while those with parched skin should look for a more hydrating mask with ingredients such as hyaluronic acid or thermal spring water.


  1. Stay active. You might not think your workout has anything to do with your skin, but hitting the gym at least three times a week tightens skin and reduces stress, which in turn minimizes breakouts. Also, fuel up once a week with a protein rich in omega 3 fatty acids, like salmon, and snack on almonds and walnuts, both of which prevent inflammation.


  1. Don’t neglect your tools. You could have a world-class skin care regimen, but if you aren’t paying attention to the surfaces that you come in contact with daily, you could be undoing all that TLC. Clean all makeup brushes, cell phones, and pillow cases weekly. Not sure how to clean your makeup brushes without damaging them? Here’s our quick and easy guide.




  1. Get a full body sugar scrub. Overusing a physical exfoliator can be drying, so stick to a scrub in the shower just once a month. Lightly massage a gentle sugar scrub into the skin using circular motions over your entire body, paying particular attention to dry areas like knees and elbows. You should feel your skin tingling, which is a good sign that the scrub is activating your circulation. Rinse it off, and then, after you’ve dabbed yourself dry, slather on a thick, decadent body cream.


  1. Go for an in-office facial or chemical peel. If you’re able, set aside time every month for an in-office treatment like a facial or other physician-strength procedure. Chemical peels, which exfoliate and minimize dark spots to brighten skin. Yes, it’s an indulgence, but much less intensive (and expensive!) than trying to repair damage down the road.


  1. Take stock of your routine. Even a routine that’s worked reliably for you may require tweaking from time to time, so check in at start of each season. Evaluate everything from your diet to the products you use. “Dry winters require slightly thicker moisturizers, while hot summers are a good time to boost the use of pore de-clogging hydroxy acids. If you’re experiencing breakouts, or your body stops responding to a product the way it once did, for example, consider seeing a cosmetologist or dermatologist to help you figure out the best course of action.



  1. Set yourself up for success. Even if you can’t make it to the cosmetologist’s office every month, there are plenty of things you can still do at home. Dr. Hema Malini recommends checking the expiration dates on your makeup and creams monthly to make sure the products you’re using are still good. And most importantly, doctor’s encourages a self-skin examination: check yourself once a month from head to toe with your eyes peeled for suspicious moles. Any new or changing moles should prompt a call to your cosmetologist.




  1. Go for an annual skin screening. Doctors can’t stress this enough: A yearly skin cancer screening from a board-certified clinical cosmetologist is one of the most important things you should do. Don’t wait until something unusual crops up — skin cancer can occur at any age and routine checks are important for your overall health. Paying particular attention to the calves and back, which are areas prone to the development of melanoma in women.


  1. Communicate with your cosmetologist. This is also a great opportunity to check in with your derm to come up with a game plan for your overall skin health. If you’re considering cosmetic treatments like laser, fillers, or tightening procedures, your doctor can help you decide on the best fit.


Stick to this schedule and let’s check back in a year — we’re betting you’ll be amazed by the transformation you’ll see.


Dr Aesthetix International Cosmetic Clinic

Kadher Nawaz Khan Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai.