What is Teeth Whitening
Teeth Whitening is also often referred to as Bleaching – it is a process used to brighten your own natural teeth without causing any complications. There will be no cutting or etching of your dental enamel. Tea, coffee, red wine, tobacco usage and the natural aging of the teeth turn them darker or stain them over time. A professional brightening is performed with the aid of active Oxygen which decolorize – -that is the distracting colour pigments present in the tooth. After bleaching the gums are covered with a special rubber compound this is done in order to protect them from the bleaching agent.
When do you need Teeth Whitening
Teeth whitening is often needed in cases of heavy consumption of discoloring substances such as alcohol, nicotine, red juices, tea, coffee, Cola, red wine, mustard or ketchup as well as poor oral hygiene. Our teeth are coated with enamel, the hardest substance in the human body. Enamel is almost entirely made up of a mineral called Hydroxyapatite, which is a network of calcium and phosphate ions bundled into tough crystalline rods to give bones and teeth the necessary rigidity. But in between those rods, there’s plenty of space for food, coffee, wine, all those big staining substances to set up shop. Regular brushing and flossing will take care of a lot of these foreign substances on your teeth. But once those stains settle in all cozy in the enamel, you’re going to need something stronger to dislodge them, that’s when you need teeth whitening. Teeth whitening is also often used as a part of smile correction or design, which is a much larger treatment.
What are the Different Types of Teeth Whitening
There are two ways of carrying out teeth whitening, the first option is the tray based night white ACP or day white. ACP gel is placed in a custom-made night guard which is placed for one hour to overnight for 7 to 14 days. Second option is surgery based otherwise known as light activated or power bleaching – this uses a combination of a hydrogen peroxide gel and especially designed allowed to accelerate the process.
Understanding the Teeth Whitening Procedure
The bleaching solution is prepared by mixing two phases which are then applied to the teeth before the bleaching process. The dentists perform a check for the teeth and fillings and if necessary a replacement of the fillings or a professional cleaning after the appropriate exposure time might be required. The bleaching solution is removed and the teeth are rinsed with water, at this time the gum protection is removed as well. Professional tooth bleaching may be performed safely every two years there is no doubt they will become brighter and how much lighter depends on your teeth base color. Depending on the degree of discoloration a brightening of about 1 to 14 degrees is possible the result usually lasts for 1 to 3 years or longer depending on your own good dental care as well as regular professional oral hygiene.
Hydrogen Peroxide Teeth Whitening
Hydrogen peroxide is a common agent for teeth whitening. It has the strength to bleach the teeth and can remain without being diluted by saliva. It helps remove surface stains and deep discoloration in our teeth. In fact many bleaching solution generally contains hydrogen peroxide which bleaches the tooth enamel to change it colour. A recent addition to the field is new light-accelerated bleaching agent containing lower concentration of hydrogen peroxide with a titanium oxide nano-particle based catalyst. Reduced concentration of hydrogen peroxide cause lower incidences of tooth hypersensitivity. The nano-particles act as photocatalysts and their size prevent them from diffusing deeply into the tooth. When exposed to light, the catalysts produce a rapid, localized breakdown of Hydrogen Peroxide into highly reactive radicals. Due to the extremely short lifetimes of the free radicals they are able to produce bleaching effects similar to much higher concentration bleaching agents within the outer layer of teeth where the nano particle catalysts are located. This provides effective tooth whitening while reducing the required concentration of Hydrogen Peroxide and other reactive byproducts at the tooth pulp.
Laser Teeth Whitening
Laser teeth whitening, which is often called power whitening is the most common way to solve the problem of dis-coloured teeth . Laser boosts the penetration of the bleaching agent into the teeth enamel effectively removing stains caused by coffee, nicotine and food products that have been regularly consumed. The whole procedure takes just about an hour and produces shade lightening of up to 10 times the initial shade and the two most commonly used laser whitening systems are zoom bright smile and sapphire zoom. The pH level of the system is between 7.5 and 8.5, the specific laser used to activate this bleaching system is Mercury metal halide that ranges from 350 to 400 nanometers uses its bright smile procedural gel for its laser bleaching system. This gel consists of fifteen percent hydrogen peroxide with a ph level of 6.5, an accelerator is added on the second and third treatment. To improve the whitening effect of the system it uses a gas plasma based laser or light emitting diode that have wavelengths ranging from 400 to 500 nanometer. This whitening system combines the use of their sapphire whitening gel with their signature laser sapphire plasma arc light. The gel is specially formulated to allow absorption of light in the blue end of the light spectrum once the gel gets activated by the laser it breaks down into reactive components that target the stain causing colored compounds on both gel and the colored stain compounds get activated and react with each other. Laser as optional include ultradent opalescence extra boost lightening gel which whiten the teeth more faster.
Zoom Teeth Whitening
Zoom whitening is an in-office bleaching process that is widely known for its ability to quickly brighten the dis-coloured teeth .It has advanced power and the fastest effective whitening system ever. Zoom advanced power is a complete system that gives immediate results and ensures lasting effects long after the whitening treatment. The power lamp was specifically engineered to activate zooms advanced formula whitening gel for superior whitening. It has the special light that penetrates the teeth to break up stains. Once the lip and gums are safely covered, the dentist will apply the patented zoom hydrogen peroxide whitening gel. The complete procedure takes one hour , the preliminary evaluation and teeth cleaning is recommended prior to the treatment.
Teeth Whitening Cost
Teeth whitening cost varies on the kind of treatment we go through. The biggest factor in teeth whitening cost comes down to where you want your teeth whitening done. The procedures are so much more affordable in an area where standard of living is lower. The safest and most effective way to whiten your teeth is to visit a clinic. On an average the teeth whitening cost from INR 15000 but may vary greatly depending on the dentist. The price include post treatment application in the form of take-home trays and continued teeth whitening treatments with an at-home whitener. There are whole range of home teeth whitening products like whitening toothpaste, whitening strips or over the counter bleaching trays, however a dentist can provide more advanced techniques to whiten up your teeth. It cost more but totally worth it. Professional dentists can use stronger bleaching agents or even laser teeth whitening to produce faster results and whiter teeth.
Teeth Whitening at Home Vs. Professional Teeth Whitening
Practically everyone is looking to whiten their teeth these days. And most of them are looking for ways to use homemade, do-it-yourself (DIY) solutions that allow them to avoid paying for sometimes expensive services. The DIY teeth whitening solutions people follow are often recipes they found on the Internet to try to whiten their teeth. Unfortunately, it damage the teeth.
The information about DIY whiteners comes from a relatively young dental researcher at the University of Iowa (UI) who has focused work on teeth whitening, the effectiveness of DIY whiteners and their impact on teeth in a number of experiments. The particular formula was a combination of strawberries and baking soda. Using powdered turmeric and activated charcoal is another very popular, at home alternative teeth whitening strategy, commonly recommended online. In addition to the DIY home whitening, over-the-counter strips, a take-home whitener from the dentist, were all tested. Results showed that the DIY whitening method didn’t actually whiten teeth at all, although all the other whiteners did lead to significant whitening. It softened the tooth enamel and may increase tooth erosion.
If you are looking for safe, effective, without causing any damage to teeth and gums, teeth whitening then, it’s important to talk to a dentist. At-home methods like this one are often ineffective or damaging. It is always better to go for conventional teeth whitening (bleaching) from a professional dentist or cosmetic dentistry specialist.